The carnivore remains from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site(Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain)

Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José (1997). The carnivore remains from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site(Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain). "Journal of Human Evolution", v. 33 (n. 2-3); pp. 155-174. ISSN 0047-2484.

Description

Title: The carnivore remains from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site(Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain)
Author/s:
  • Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Human Evolution
Date: 1997
Volume: 33
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Minas (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Remains of carnivores from the Sima de los Huesos site representing at least 158 adult individuals of a primitive (i.e., not very speleoid) form of Ursus deningeri Von Reichenau 1906, have been recovered through the 1995 field season. These new finds extend our knowledge of this group in the Sierra de Atapuerca Middle Pleistocene. Material previously classified as Cuoninae indet. is now assigned to Canis lupus and a third metatarsal assigned in 1987 to Panthera cf. gombaszoegensis, is in our opinion only attributable to Panthera sp. The family Mustelidae is added to the faunal list and includes Maites sp. and a smaller species. The presence of Panthera leo cf. fossilis, Lynxpardina spelaea and Fells silvestris, is confirmed. The presence of a not very speloid Ursus deningeri, together with the rest of the carnivore assemblage, points to a not very late Middle Pleistocene age, i.e., oxygen isotope stage 7 or older. Relative frequencies of skeletal elements for the bear and fox samples are without major biases. The age structure of the bear sample, based on dental wear stages, does not follow the typical hibernation mortality profile and resembles a catastrophic profile. The site was not a natal or refuge den. The hypothesis that the site was a natural trap is the most plausible. If the Sima de los Huesos functioned as a natural trap (without an egress out), the human accumulation cannot be attributed to carnivore activities and must be explained differently.

More information

Item ID: 3320
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/3320/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:3320
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Minas y Energía
Deposited on: 14 Jun 2010 08:46
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 12:52
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