Types of metaphor in civil engineering communication

Roldán Riejos, Ana María (2013). Types of metaphor in civil engineering communication. "Revista española de lingüística aplicada (RESLA)", v. Ext (n. 1); pp. 105-121. ISSN 0213-2028.

Description

Title: Types of metaphor in civil engineering communication
Author/s:
  • Roldán Riejos, Ana María
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Revista española de lingüística aplicada (RESLA)
Date: 2013
ISSN: 0213-2028
Volume: Ext
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Cognitive linguistics and LSP, meaning construction, conceptual integration, engineering metaphor
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Lingüistica Aplicada a la Ciencia y a la Tecnología
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

La metáfora y otros mecanismos imaginativos subyacentes al pensa- miento y lenguaje humanos pueden ser utilizados en el discurso diario y especializado (Lakoff y Johnson 1980; Lakoff y Nuñez 2000). Asimismo pueden aparecer en la comunicación no verbal (Forceville y Urios-Aparisi 2009; Littlemore et al. Este volumen).Partiendo de estudios cognitivos y de la teoría de integración conceptual (Fauconnier 1997; Fauconnier y Turner 2002), este artículo examina la presencia de la metáfora en la ingeniería. Primeramente, se analiza un corpus lingüístico procedente de artículos de investigación de ingeniería civil. Los datos revelan el uso de la metáfora antropomórfica, sobre todo en expresiones relativas a la salud, como “diagnóstico”, “auscultación” o “proceso de curación”. Se exploran además ejemplos de ingeniería cuya fuente son proyecciones conceptuales corporales. Finalmente, abordamos la función de la metáfora visual bajo la teoría de integración conceptual mediante representaciones de ingeniería que evocan la anatomía humana o animal. Metaphor and other imaginative mechanisms that underlie human thought and language such as metonymy are used in everyday and specialised discourse (Lakoff and Johnson 1980; Lakoff and Nuñez 2000) They can also be involved in non- verbal forms of communication (Forceville and Urios-Aparisi 2009; Littlemore et al. this volume). Drawing on metaphor cognitive studies and on conceptual integration theory (Fauconnier 1997; Fauconnier and Turner 2002) this paper examines the occurrence of metaphor in engineering. First, we analyse results from a linguistic corpus formed by research papers from civil engineering journals. These data reveal the use of anthropomorphic metaphor, especially related to health or medical mappings such as “diagnosing”, “auscultation” or “curing”. Then, we explore how engineering notions are instantiated by bodily conceptual mappings according to conceptual integration theory. Finally, the function of visual metaphor is examined with conceptual integration theory by using engineering images evoking parts of human or animal anatomy.

More information

Item ID: 33442
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/33442/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:33442
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 10 Feb 2015 12:42
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 09:58
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