Kinetics of Amino Acid racemization (epimerisation) in the dentine of fossil and modern bear teeth

Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José (2003). Kinetics of Amino Acid racemization (epimerisation) in the dentine of fossil and modern bear teeth. "International journal of chemical kinetics", v. 35 (n. 11); pp. 576-591. ISSN 0538-8066.

Description

Title: Kinetics of Amino Acid racemization (epimerisation) in the dentine of fossil and modern bear teeth
Author/s:
  • Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: International journal of chemical kinetics
Date: 2003
ISSN: 0538-8066
Volume: 35
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Minas (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The present study examines the question of whether heating experiments on modern bear teeth dentine model the pattern of D/L racemization in fossil teeth. Using samples of modern bear teeth dentine heated at 65°C, 85°C (up to 53 days), and 105°C (up to 71 days), and three independently dated fossil bear teeth, we have compared the modes of racemization induced by temperature in the modern samples and by time on the fossil samples. We have studied seven amino acids (aspartic and glutamic acids, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, and phenylalanine) that follow a reversible first-order kinetic model of racemization (epimerization) either at low or high temperature. We have estimated the Arrhenius parameters, the activation energy E3 and the frequency factor A, first based on the heating experiments, and later including the fossil data. Valine shows no appreciable differences in Ea and A in both estimations, and could then be used with confidence in dating studies. In a lesser extension this also applies to alanine, phenylalanine, leucine, and glutamic acid. Aspartic acid shows a great difference between the temperature-induced and the time-induced racemization kinetic models, and it should be used with special care in dating studies, since diagenetic racemization in aspartic acid is extremely sensitive to the thermal history of the site.

More information

Item ID: 3365
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/3365/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:3365
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Minas y Energía
Deposited on: 16 Jun 2010 11:24
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 12:54
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