Evaluating the spatial and social equity effects of road pricing in the European urban context: the Madrid Metropolitan Area.

Di Ciommo, Floridea y Lucas, Karen (2014). Evaluating the spatial and social equity effects of road pricing in the European urban context: the Madrid Metropolitan Area.. En: "Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting", 12/01/2014 – 16/01/2014, Washington D.C., EE.UU. pp. 1-17.

Descripción

Título: Evaluating the spatial and social equity effects of road pricing in the European urban context: the Madrid Metropolitan Area.
Autor/es:
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
  • Lucas, Karen
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting
Fechas del Evento: 12/01/2014 – 16/01/2014
Lugar del Evento: Washington D.C., EE.UU
Título del Libro: Proceedings of TRB 93rd Annual Meeting
Fecha: 2014
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The paper explores the spatial and social impacts arising from implementation of a road-pricing scheme in the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA). Our analytical focus is on understanding the effects of the scheme on the transport accessibility of different social groups within the MMA. We define an evaluation framework to appraise the accessibility of different districts within the MMA in terms of the actual and perceived cost of using the road infrastructure "before" and "after" the implementation of the scheme. The framework was developed using quantitative survey data and qualitative data from focus group discussions with residents. We then simulated user behaviors (mode and route choice) based on the empirical evidence from a travel demand model for the MMA. The results from our simulation model demonstrated that implementation of the toll on the orbital metropolitan motorways (M40, M30, for example) decreases accessibility, mostly in the districts where there are no viable public transport alternatives. Our key finding is that the economic burden of the road-pricing scheme particularly affects unskilled and lower income individuals living in the south of the MMA. Consequently lower income people reduce their use of tolled roads and have to find new arrangements for these trips: i.e. switch to the public transport, spend double the time for their commuter trips or stay at home. The results of our research could be applicable more widely for anyone wishing to better understand the important relationship between increased transport cost and social equity, especially where there is an intention to introduce similar road-pricing schemes within the urban context.

Más información

ID de Registro: 36975
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/36975/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:36975
URL Oficial: http://www.trb.org/AnnualMeeting2014/AnnualMeeting2014.aspx
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 16 Jul 2015 17:03
Ultima Modificación: 16 Jul 2015 17:03
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