Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model - The case of Madrid

Wang, Yang; Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés y Di Ciommo, Floridea (2015). Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model - The case of Madrid. "Computers, Environment and Urban Systems", v. 49 ; pp. 126-135. ISSN 0198-9715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.03.005.

Descripción

Título: Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model - The case of Madrid
Autor/es:
  • Wang, Yang
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems
Fecha: Enero 2015
Volumen: 49
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Accessibility; LUTI model; Transport policy
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Accessibility is an essential concept widely used to evaluate the impact of transport and land-use strategies in urban planning and policy making. Accessibility is typically evaluated by using separately a transport model or a land-use model. This paper embeds two accessibility indicators (i.e., potential and adaptive accessibility) in a land use and transport interaction (LUTI) model in order to assess transport policies implementation. The first aim is to define the adaptive accessibility, considering the competition factor at territorial level (e.g. workplaces and workers). The second aim is to identify the optimal implementation scenario of policy measures using potential and adaptive accessibility indicators. The analysis of the results in terms of social welfare and accessibility changes closes the paper. Two transport policy measures are applied in Madrid region: a cordon toll and increase bus frequency. They have been simulated through the MARS model (Metropolitan Activity Relocation Simulator, i.e. LUTI model). An optimisation procedure is performed by MARS for maximizing the value of the objective function in order to find the optimal policy implementation (first best). Both policy measures are evaluated in terms of accessibility. Results show that the introduction of the accessibility indicators (potential and adaptive) influence the optimal value of the toll price and bus frequency level, generating different results in terms of social welfare. Mapping the difference between potential and adaptive accessibility indicator shows that the main changes occur in areas where there is a strong competition among different land-use opportunities.

Más información

ID de Registro: 40418
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/40418/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:40418
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.03.005
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019897151400043X
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 02 Jun 2016 14:25
Ultima Modificación: 17 Ene 2017 07:46
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