Modeling different penetration rates of eco-driving in urban areas: Impacts on traffic flow and emissions

García Castro, Alvaro; Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés; Valdés Serrano, Cristina y Romana Garcia, Manuel (2016). Modeling different penetration rates of eco-driving in urban areas: Impacts on traffic flow and emissions. "International Journal of Sustainable Transportation", v. 11 (n. 4); pp. 282-294. ISSN 1556-8318. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2016.1252972.

Descripción

Título: Modeling different penetration rates of eco-driving in urban areas: Impacts on traffic flow and emissions
Autor/es:
  • García Castro, Alvaro
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Valdés Serrano, Cristina
  • Romana Garcia, Manuel
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Fecha: Noviembre 2016
Volumen: 11
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Eco-driving; Emissions; Traffic
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img] PDF (Document Portable Format) - Acceso permitido solamente a usuarios en el campus de la UPM hasta Noviembre 2017 - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (3MB)

Resumen

Climate change and air quality are two main environmental challenges in metropolitan areas. As road transportation is one of the main contributors, public administrations are facing these problems with a number of complementary policy measures: shift to cleaner modes, new fuels and vehicle technologies, demand management, and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) applied to transportation. Eco-driving is one of the measures that present large fuel savings at individual level. Although these savings are well documented in the literature, few studies focus on how eco-drivers driving patterns affect the surrounding vehicles and the traffic in general, and more particularly what would be the impact when the number of eco-drivers grows. Using a traffic microsimulation tool, four models in urban context have been built, corresponding to the different types of urban roads. Both the base-case and the parameters setting to simulate eco-driving have been calibrated with real data collected through floating vehicles performing the trips with normal and eco behaviors. In total, 72 scenarios were simulated, varying the type of road, traffic demand, and the percentage of eco-drivers. Then, the CO2 and NOx emissions have been estimated through a microscopic emission model. The results show that in scenarios with low or medium demand levels and increasing number of eco-drivers, the effects are positive in terms of emissions. On the other side, with high percentage of eco-drivers and high traffic demand, the emissions rise. Higher headways and smooth acceleration and decelerations increase congestion, producing higher emissions globally.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
FP7288568ICT-EMISSIONSAristotelio Panepistimio ThessalonikisDevelopment of a methodology and tool to evaluate the impact of ICT measures on road transport emissions

Más información

ID de Registro: 44399
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/44399/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:44399
Identificador DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2016.1252972
URL Oficial: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15568318.2016.1252972
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 15 Feb 2017 14:01
Ultima Modificación: 07 Mar 2017 13:39
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM