Impact of halogen-free flame retardant with varied phosphorus´s chemical surrounding on the properties of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A type epoxy resin: synthesis, fire behaviour, flame-retardant mechanism and mechanical properties

Zhao, Xiaomin and Babu, Heeralal Vignesh and Llorca Martinez, Francisco Javier and Wang, De-Yi (2016). Impact of halogen-free flame retardant with varied phosphorus´s chemical surrounding on the properties of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A type epoxy resin: synthesis, fire behaviour, flame-retardant mechanism and mechanical properties. "RSC Advances", v. 64 (n. 6); pp. 59226-59236. ISSN 2046-2069. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA13168A.

Description

Title: Impact of halogen-free flame retardant with varied phosphorus´s chemical surrounding on the properties of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A type epoxy resin: synthesis, fire behaviour, flame-retardant mechanism and mechanical properties
Author/s:
  • Zhao, Xiaomin
  • Babu, Heeralal Vignesh
  • Llorca Martinez, Francisco Javier
  • Wang, De-Yi
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: RSC Advances
Date: May 2016
ISSN: 2046-2069
Volume: 64
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ciencia de los Materiales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This work aimed to investigate the effect of two types of phosphorus-containing flame retardants (P-FRs) with different chemical surroundings (phenylphosphonate-based (PO?Ph) and phenylphosphoric-based (PO?OPh)) on the flame-retardant efficiency for diglycidyl ester of bisphenol-A type epoxy (EP) resin. The two series of P-FRs which were named as FPx and FPOx (x = 1, 2 and 3), respectively, showed reactivity with epoxy group that was examined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and variable temperature FTIR spectroscopy (VT-FTIR). A comparative study between the FPx and FPOx (x = 1, 2 and 3) containing flame-retardant epoxy was carried out via investigating their flammability, thermal stability and mechanical properties. The most significant difference in flame retardancy between them was that FPx (x = 1, 2 and 3) endowed EP with a V-0 rating in UL 94 test at 5 wt% loading, while FPOx (x = 1, 2 and 3) showed no rating at such loading. Importantly, it is found that there was almost 10 times difference in the flame-retardant efficiency for EP between FPx and FPOx, though they had similar chemically molecular structures. Moreover, TGA-FTIR and TGA-MS coupling techniques (TGA, thermogravimetric analysis; MS, mass spectroscopy) were employed to study the thermal decomposition of FP1 and FPO1; the impacts of FP1 and FPO1 on the thermal decomposition of EP were studied by TGA-FTIR as well. Furthermore, an online temperature detection experiment was designed to collect the temperatures by thermocouples and infrared thermometers in the UL 94 test. Based on the above results, the flame-retardant mechanisms of FP1 and FPO1 in EP are discussed. In addition, the impact of P-FRs on mechanical properties of EP was studied by means of tensile test and dynamic mechanical analysis.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainRYC-2012-10737UnspecifiedUnspecifiedSubprograma Ramón y Cajal
FP7321951UnspecifiedUnspecifiedMarie Curie Career Integration

More information

Item ID: 44600
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/44600/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:44600
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA13168A
Official URL: http://pubs.rsc.org/-/content/articlelanding/2016/ra/c6ra13168a
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Feb 2017 15:17
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2019 16:26
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