Influence of essential oils (cinnamaldehyde and garlic oil) on rumen fermentation, feeding 1 behavior and performance of lactating dairy cattle

Blanch, M. and Carro Travieso, Maria Dolores and Ranilla, M. J. and Viso, A. and Váquez Añón, M. and Bach, Alex (2016). Influence of essential oils (cinnamaldehyde and garlic oil) on rumen fermentation, feeding 1 behavior and performance of lactating dairy cattle. "Animal Feed Science And Technology", v. 219 ; pp. 313-323. ISSN 0377-8401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.07.002.

Description

Title: Influence of essential oils (cinnamaldehyde and garlic oil) on rumen fermentation, feeding 1 behavior and performance of lactating dairy cattle
Author/s:
  • Blanch, M.
  • Carro Travieso, Maria Dolores
  • Ranilla, M. J.
  • Viso, A.
  • Váquez Añón, M.
  • Bach, Alex
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Animal Feed Science And Technology
Date: September 2016
Volume: 219
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (769kB) | Preview

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of Next Enhance® 300 (NE300; cinnamaldehyde and garlic oil encapsulated product) on rumen fermentation and milk production of dairy cows. In experiment 1, batch cultures of mixed rumen micro-organisms were used to study the effects of increasing concentrations of NE300 (0, 200, 300, and 400 mg/L) on ruminal fermentation in 24 h in vitro incubations. All tested doses decreased (P < 0.05) methane production, but the dose of 400 mg/L also reduced the production of volatile fatty acid (VFA). The addition of NE300 at 300 mg/L produced the most beneficial effects, reducing methane production, acetate proportion, and ammonia-N concentration, and increasing propionate proportion compared with CON, without affecting total VFA production. These results would indicate a potentially greater supply of energy for the host animal. In experiment 2, sixteen lactating dairy cows (8 rumen-cannulated) participated in a switch-back design with three 4-wk periods and 2 treatments: control (CON, unsupplemented) and NE300 (300 mg NE300/cow/d). Milk yield response was affected by a 3-way interaction among treatment, parity, and days on treatment; after 15 d on treatment, multiparous cows on NE300 produced more milk (approximately additional 3 kg/d) than multiparous cows on CON. Total rumen VFA concentrations tended (P = 0.06) to be greater in NE300 than in CON when rumen fermentation kinetics were evaluated at the end of each period (day 28). It is concluded that NE300 modifies ruminal fermentation resulting in increased milk yield in multiparous lactating dairy cows after 15 d of adaptation.

More information

Item ID: 46100
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/46100/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:46100
DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.07.002
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.07.002
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 31 May 2017 15:47
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 18:58
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM