Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations

Abdellaoui, G. and Abe, S. and Adams, J.H. and Ahriche, A. and Allard, D. and Allen, L. and Alonso, G. and Anchordoqui, L. and Anzalone, A. and Arai, Y. and Asano, K. and Atallah, R. and Attoui, H. and Ave Pernas, M. and Bacholle, S. and Bakiri, M. and Baragatti, P. and Barrillon, P. and Belloti, R. and Belov, A. and Belov, K. and Benmessai, K. and Bertaina, M. and Biermann, P.L. and Biktemerova, S. and Bisconti, F. and Blanc, N. and Blçcki, J. and Blin-Bondil, S. and Bobik, P. and Bogomilov, M. and Bozzo, E. and Briz, S. and Bruno, A. and Caballero, K.S. and Cafagna, F. and Campana, D. and Capdevielle, J.-N. and Capel, F. and Caramete, A. and Caramete, L. and Carlson, P. and Caruso, R. and Casolino, M. and Cassardo, C. and Castellina, A. and Catalano, C. and Catalano, O. and Cellino, A. and Chikawa, M. and Chiritoi, G. and Christl, M.J. and Connaughton, V. and Conti, L. and Cordero, G. and Cotto, G. and Crawford, H.J. and Cremonini, R. and Csorna, S. and Cummings, A. and Dagoret-Campagne, S. and Castro, A.J. de and De Donato, C. and Taille, C. de la and De Santis, C. and Peral, L. del and Di Martino, M. and Diaz Damian, A. and Djemil, T. and Dutan, I. and Ebersoldt, A. and Ebersoldt, A. and Ebisuzaki, T. and Engel, R. and Eser, J. and Fenu, F. and Fernández- González, S. and Ferrarese, S. and Flamini, M. and Fornaro, C. and Fouka, M. and Franceschi, A. and Franchini, Sebastián and Fuglesang, C. and Fujii, T. and Fujimoto, J. and Fukushima, M. and Galeotti, P. and García Ortega, E. and Garipov, G. and Gascón, E. and Genci, J. and Giraudo, G. and González Alvarado, C. and Gorodetzky, P. and Greg, R. and Guarino, F. and Guzmán, A. and Hachisu, Y. and Haiduc, M. and Harlov, B. and Haungs, A. and Hernández Carretero, J. and Hidber Cruz, W. and Ikeda, D. and Inoue, N. and Inoue, S. and Isgrò, F. and Itow, Y. and Jammer, T. and Jeong, S. and Joven, E. and Judd, E.G. and Jung, A. and Jochum, J. and Kajino, F. and Kajino, T. and Kalli, S. and Kaneko, I. and Karadzhov, Y. and Karczmarczyk, J. and Katahira, K. and Kawai, K. and Kawasaki, Y. and Kedadra, A. and Khales, H. and Khrenov, B.A. and Kim, Jeong-Sook and Kim, Soon-Wook and Kleifges, M. and Klimov, P.A. and Kolev, D. and Krantz, H. and Kreykenbohm, I. and Krizmanic, J.F. and Kudela, K. and Kurihara, Y. and Kusenko, A. and Kuznestov, E. and La Barbera, A. and Lachaud, C. and Lahmar, H. and Lakhdari, F. and Larsson, O. and Lee, J. and Licandro, J. and López Campano, L. and López, F. and Maccarone, M.C. and Mackovjak, S. and Mahdi, M. and Maravilla, D. and Marcelli, L. and Marcos, J.L. and Marini, A. and Marszal, W. and Martens, K. and Martin, Y. and Martínez, O. and Matthews, J.N. and Mebarki, N. and Medina-Tanco, G. and Mendoza, M.A. and Menshikov, A. and Merino, A. and Meseguer, J. and Meyer, S.S. and Mimouni, J. and Miyamoto, H. and Mizumoto, Y. and Monaco, A. and Morales de los Ríos, J.A. and Moretto, C. and Nagataki, S. and Naitamor, S. and Napolitano, T. and Nava, R. and Neronov, A. and Nomoto, K. and Nonaka, T. and Ogawa, T. and Ogio, S. and Ohmori, H. and Olinto, A.V. and Orleanski, P. and Osteria, G. and Pagliaro, A. and Painter, W. and Panasyuk, M.I. and Panico, B. and Parizot, E. and Park, I.H. and Pastircak, B. and Patzak, T. and Paul, T. and Pérez Grande, Isabel and Perfetto, F. and Peter, T. and Picozza, P. and Pindado Carrion, Santiago and Piotrowski, L.W. and Piraino, S. and Placidi, L. and Plebaniak, Z. and Pliego, S. and Pollini, A. and Polonsky, Z. and Popescu, E.M. and Prat, P. and Prévôt, G. and Prieto, H. and Puehlhofer, G. and Putis, M. and Rabanal, J. and Radu, A.A. and Reyes, M. and Rezazadeh, M. and Ricci, M. and Rodríguez Frías, M.D. and Ronga, F. and Roudil, G. and Rusinov, I. and Rybczynski, M. and Sabau, M.D. and Sáez Cano, G. and Sagawa, H. and Sahnoune, Z. and Saito, A. and Sakaki, N. and Salazar, H. and Sanchez Balanzar, J.C. and Sanchez, J.L. and Santangelo, A. and Sanz Andres, Angel Pedro and Sanz Palomino, M. and Saprykin, O. and Sarazin, F. and Sato, M. and Schanz, T. and Schieler, H. and Scotti, V. and Selmane, S. and Semikoz, D. and Serra, M. and Sharakin, S. and Shimizu, H.M. and Shinozaki, K. and Shirahama, T. and Spataro, B. and Stan, I. and Sugiyama, T. and Supanitsky, D. and Suzuki, M. and Szabelska, B. and Szabelski, J. and Tajima, N. and Tajima, T. and Takahashi, Y. and Takami, H. and Takeda, M. and Takizawa, Y. and Talai, M.C. and Tenzer, C. and Thomas, S.B. and Tibolla, O. and Tkachev, L. and Tokuno, H. and Tomida, T. and Tone, N. and Toscano, S. and Traïche, M. and Tsenov, R. and Tsunesada, Y. and Tsuno, K. and Tubbs, J. and Turriziani, S. and Uchihori, Y. and Vaduvescu, O. and Valdés García, J.F. and Vallania, P. and Vankova, G. and Vigorito, C. and Villaseñor, L. and Vlcek, B. and Von Ballmoos, P. and Vrabel, M. and Wada, S. and Watanabe, J. and Watts Jr, J. and Weber, M. and Weigand Muñoz, M. and Weindl, A. and Wiencke, L. and Wille, M. and Wilms, J. and Wlodarczyk, Z. and Yamamoto, T. and Yang, J. and Yano, H. and Yashin, I.V. and Yonetoku, D. and Yoshida, S. and Young, R. and Zgura, I.S. and Zotov, M.Yu. and Zuccaro Marchini, A. (2018). Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations. "Astroparticle Physics" ; ISSN 09287-6505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.10.008.

Description

Title: Ultra-violet imaging of the night-time earth by EUSO-Balloon towards space-based ultra-high energy cosmic ray observations
Author/s:
  • Abdellaoui, G.
  • Abe, S.
  • Adams, J.H.
  • Ahriche, A.
  • Allard, D.
  • Allen, L.
  • Alonso, G.
  • Anchordoqui, L.
  • Anzalone, A.
  • Arai, Y.
  • Asano, K.
  • Atallah, R.
  • Attoui, H.
  • Ave Pernas, M.
  • Bacholle, S.
  • Bakiri, M.
  • Baragatti, P.
  • Barrillon, P.
  • Belloti, R.
  • Belov, A.
  • Belov, K.
  • Benmessai, K.
  • Bertaina, M.
  • Biermann, P.L.
  • Biktemerova, S.
  • Bisconti, F.
  • Blanc, N.
  • Blçcki, J.
  • Blin-Bondil, S.
  • Bobik, P.
  • Bogomilov, M.
  • Bozzo, E.
  • Briz, S.
  • Bruno, A.
  • Caballero, K.S.
  • Cafagna, F.
  • Campana, D.
  • Capdevielle, J.-N.
  • Capel, F.
  • Caramete, A.
  • Caramete, L.
  • Carlson, P.
  • Caruso, R.
  • Casolino, M.
  • Cassardo, C.
  • Castellina, A.
  • Catalano, C.
  • Catalano, O.
  • Cellino, A.
  • Chikawa, M.
  • Chiritoi, G.
  • Christl, M.J.
  • Connaughton, V.
  • Conti, L.
  • Cordero, G.
  • Cotto, G.
  • Crawford, H.J.
  • Cremonini, R.
  • Csorna, S.
  • Cummings, A.
  • Dagoret-Campagne, S.
  • Castro, A.J. de
  • De Donato, C.
  • Taille, C. de la
  • De Santis, C.
  • Peral, L. del
  • Di Martino, M.
  • Diaz Damian, A.
  • Djemil, T.
  • Dutan, I.
  • Ebersoldt, A.
  • Ebersoldt, A.
  • Ebisuzaki, T.
  • Engel, R.
  • Eser, J.
  • Fenu, F.
  • Fernández- González, S.
  • Ferrarese, S.
  • Flamini, M.
  • Fornaro, C.
  • Fouka, M.
  • Franceschi, A.
  • Franchini, Sebastián
  • Fuglesang, C.
  • Fujii, T.
  • Fujimoto, J.
  • Fukushima, M.
  • Galeotti, P.
  • García Ortega, E.
  • Garipov, G.
  • Gascón, E.
  • Genci, J.
  • Giraudo, G.
  • González Alvarado, C.
  • Gorodetzky, P.
  • Greg, R.
  • Guarino, F.
  • Guzmán, A.
  • Hachisu, Y.
  • Haiduc, M.
  • Harlov, B.
  • Haungs, A.
  • Hernández Carretero, J.
  • Hidber Cruz, W.
  • Ikeda, D.
  • Inoue, N.
  • Inoue, S.
  • Isgrò, F.
  • Itow, Y.
  • Jammer, T.
  • Jeong, S.
  • Joven, E.
  • Judd, E.G.
  • Jung, A.
  • Jochum, J.
  • Kajino, F.
  • Kajino, T.
  • Kalli, S.
  • Kaneko, I.
  • Karadzhov, Y.
  • Karczmarczyk, J.
  • Katahira, K.
  • Kawai, K.
  • Kawasaki, Y.
  • Kedadra, A.
  • Khales, H.
  • Khrenov, B.A.
  • Kim, Jeong-Sook
  • Kim, Soon-Wook
  • Kleifges, M.
  • Klimov, P.A.
  • Kolev, D.
  • Krantz, H.
  • Kreykenbohm, I.
  • Krizmanic, J.F.
  • Kudela, K.
  • Kurihara, Y.
  • Kusenko, A.
  • Kuznestov, E.
  • La Barbera, A.
  • Lachaud, C.
  • Lahmar, H.
  • Lakhdari, F.
  • Larsson, O.
  • Lee, J.
  • Licandro, J.
  • López Campano, L.
  • López, F.
  • Maccarone, M.C.
  • Mackovjak, S.
  • Mahdi, M.
  • Maravilla, D.
  • Marcelli, L.
  • Marcos, J.L.
  • Marini, A.
  • Marszal, W.
  • Martens, K.
  • Martin, Y.
  • Martínez, O.
  • Matthews, J.N.
  • Mebarki, N.
  • Medina-Tanco, G.
  • Mendoza, M.A.
  • Menshikov, A.
  • Merino, A.
  • Meseguer, J.
  • Meyer, S.S.
  • Mimouni, J.
  • Miyamoto, H.
  • Mizumoto, Y.
  • Monaco, A.
  • Morales de los Ríos, J.A.
  • Moretto, C.
  • Nagataki, S.
  • Naitamor, S.
  • Napolitano, T.
  • Nava, R.
  • Neronov, A.
  • Nomoto, K.
  • Nonaka, T.
  • Ogawa, T.
  • Ogio, S.
  • Ohmori, H.
  • Olinto, A.V.
  • Orleanski, P.
  • Osteria, G.
  • Pagliaro, A.
  • Painter, W.
  • Panasyuk, M.I.
  • Panico, B.
  • Parizot, E.
  • Park, I.H.
  • Pastircak, B.
  • Patzak, T.
  • Paul, T.
  • Pérez Grande, Isabel
  • Perfetto, F.
  • Peter, T.
  • Picozza, P.
  • Pindado Carrion, Santiago
  • Piotrowski, L.W.
  • Piraino, S.
  • Placidi, L.
  • Plebaniak, Z.
  • Pliego, S.
  • Pollini, A.
  • Polonsky, Z.
  • Popescu, E.M.
  • Prat, P.
  • Prévôt, G.
  • Prieto, H.
  • Puehlhofer, G.
  • Putis, M.
  • Rabanal, J.
  • Radu, A.A.
  • Reyes, M.
  • Rezazadeh, M.
  • Ricci, M.
  • Rodríguez Frías, M.D.
  • Ronga, F.
  • Roudil, G.
  • Rusinov, I.
  • Rybczynski, M.
  • Sabau, M.D.
  • Sáez Cano, G.
  • Sagawa, H.
  • Sahnoune, Z.
  • Saito, A.
  • Sakaki, N.
  • Salazar, H.
  • Sanchez Balanzar, J.C.
  • Sanchez, J.L.
  • Santangelo, A.
  • Sanz Andres, Angel Pedro
  • Sanz Palomino, M.
  • Saprykin, O.
  • Sarazin, F.
  • Sato, M.
  • Schanz, T.
  • Schieler, H.
  • Scotti, V.
  • Selmane, S.
  • Semikoz, D.
  • Serra, M.
  • Sharakin, S.
  • Shimizu, H.M.
  • Shinozaki, K.
  • Shirahama, T.
  • Spataro, B.
  • Stan, I.
  • Sugiyama, T.
  • Supanitsky, D.
  • Suzuki, M.
  • Szabelska, B.
  • Szabelski, J.
  • Tajima, N.
  • Tajima, T.
  • Takahashi, Y.
  • Takami, H.
  • Takeda, M.
  • Takizawa, Y.
  • Talai, M.C.
  • Tenzer, C.
  • Thomas, S.B.
  • Tibolla, O.
  • Tkachev, L.
  • Tokuno, H.
  • Tomida, T.
  • Tone, N.
  • Toscano, S.
  • Traïche, M.
  • Tsenov, R.
  • Tsunesada, Y.
  • Tsuno, K.
  • Tubbs, J.
  • Turriziani, S.
  • Uchihori, Y.
  • Vaduvescu, O.
  • Valdés García, J.F.
  • Vallania, P.
  • Vankova, G.
  • Vigorito, C.
  • Villaseñor, L.
  • Vlcek, B.
  • Von Ballmoos, P.
  • Vrabel, M.
  • Wada, S.
  • Watanabe, J.
  • Watts Jr, J.
  • Weber, M.
  • Weigand Muñoz, M.
  • Weindl, A.
  • Wiencke, L.
  • Wille, M.
  • Wilms, J.
  • Wlodarczyk, Z.
  • Yamamoto, T.
  • Yang, J.
  • Yano, H.
  • Yashin, I.V.
  • Yonetoku, D.
  • Yoshida, S.
  • Young, R.
  • Zgura, I.S.
  • Zotov, M.Yu.
  • Zuccaro Marchini, A.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Astroparticle Physics
Date: 2018
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: EUSO-Balloon; JEM-EUSO; ultra-high energy cosmic ray; extensive air shower; airglow
Faculty: Instituto de Microgravedad Ignacio Da Riva (UPM)
Department: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
UPM's Research Group: Desarrollo y Ensayos Aeroespaciales DEA
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The JEM-EUSO (Joint Experiment Missions for the Extreme Universe Space Observatory) program aims at developing Ultra-Violet (UV) fluorescence telescopes for efficient detections of Extensive Air Showers (EASs) induced by Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECRs) from satellite orbit. In order to demonstrate key technologies for JEM-EUSO, we constructed the EUSO-Balloon instrument that consists of a  ∼ 1 m2 refractive telescope with two Fresnel lenses and an array of multi-anode photo-multiplier tubes at the focus. Distinguishing it from the former balloon-borne experiments, EUSO-Balloon has the capabilities of single photon counting with a gate time of 2.3 μs and of imaging with a total of 2304 pixels. As a pathfinder mission, the instrument was launched for an 8 hour stratospheric flight on a moonless night in August 2014 over Timmins, Canada. In this work, we analyze the count rates over  ∼ 2.5 hour intervals. The measurements are of diffuse light, e.g. of airglow emission, back-scattered from the Earth’s atmosphere as well as artificial light sources. Count rates from such diffuse light are a background for EAS detections in future missions and relevant factor for the analysis of EAS events. We also obtain the geographical distribution of the count rates over a  ∼ 780 km2 area along the balloon trajectory. In developed areas, light sources such as the airport, mines, and factories are clearly identified. This demonstrates the correct location of signals that will be required for the EAS analysis in future missions. Although a precise determination of count rates is relevant for the existing instruments, the absolute intensity of diffuse light is deduced for the limited conditions by assuming spectra models and considering simulations of the instrument response. Based on the study of diffuse light by EUSO-Balloon, we also discuss the implications for coming pathfinders and future space-based UHECR observation missions.

More information

Item ID: 53722
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/53722/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:53722
DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.10.008
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S09276505183021721868
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Aeronauticos
Deposited on: 04 Feb 2019 11:21
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 11:21
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