La transformación de la identidad local en la arquitectura de la comarca de la Sagra Baja toledana

García Hermida, Alejandro (2019). La transformación de la identidad local en la arquitectura de la comarca de la Sagra Baja toledana. Thesis (Doctoral), E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM). https://doi.org/10.20868/UPM.thesis.57147.

Description

Title: La transformación de la identidad local en la arquitectura de la comarca de la Sagra Baja toledana
Author/s:
  • García Hermida, Alejandro
Contributor/s:
  • Vela Cossío, Fernando
Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Date: 4 October 2019
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Arquitectura tradicional, Identidad local, Arquitectura vernácula, La Sagra
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Otro
UPM's Research Group: Patrimonio Arquitectónico
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition

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Abstract

Observamos cómo la identidad propia de la tradición arquitectónica de nuestros pueblos, ciudades y regiones está sufriendo una transformación sin precedentes históricos, que llega en algunos casos a su práctica desaparición. Mientras esto sucede, se reconoce, disfruta e intenta preservar este patrimonio cultural de forma creciente e igualmente no parangonable con ningún momento pretérito. Esta desviación entre los objetivos perseguidos y los resultados obtenidos queda reflejada en numerosos debates, proyectos, publicaciones, documentos y regulaciones contemporáneos. Apenas existen, sin embargo, estudios que aborden esta cuestión, y, para poder enfrentar este problema con suficiente rigor, es necesario comprender primero cómo se están transformando las identidades locales que se pretenden conservar, qué factores están incidiendo sobre estas alteraciones y en qué medida lo vienen haciendo, y qué incidencia tienen sobre ellas las normativas hoy comúnmente vigentes para combatir este género de procesos. Dar respuesta a estas cuestiones ha sido el objetivo de esta investigación. Tras abordar el problema de forma global, desde la apropiada definición de sus más básicos conceptos hasta las repercusiones de su evolución histórica en el campo de la arquitectura, se ha procedido a estudiar de forma pormenorizada este tipo de transformaciones en el caso particular de la comarca toledana de La Sagra, y se ha desarrollado para ello un método que permitiera identificar las variables que están incidiendo sobre los procesos estudiados. Por esta vía, se ha podido probar fehacientemente que entre los aspectos que más están incidiendo en la transformación de la arquitectura de esta región, por encima de cuestiones técnicas, económicas y funcionales, destacan las aspiraciones, intereses y formación de cuantos se encuentran implicados en estos mecanismos. Es decir, se trata de un fenómeno de índole cultural que ha de enfrentarse por tanto con herramientas que habrán de dirigirse hacia objetivos igualmente culturales. We notice how the particular identities of the architectural tradition of our villages, towns and regions are suffering a historically unprecedented transformation, leading in some cases to its almost entire disappearance. While this is happening, this cultural heritage is intended to be preserved, recognised and enjoyed in a growing manner, equally unrivalled in any other past times. This deviation from the pursued aims to the obtained outcome is reflected in numerous contemporary debates, projects, publications and regulations. Nevertheless, there are hardly any studies dealing with this subject, and, in order to face this problem in a sufficiently rigorous way, it is necessary to understand, first of all, how those identities we seek for preserving are being transformed, which factors are influencing these processes and to what extent they have an impact on them, and how are they affected by the regulations nowadays in force to fight this kind of phenomena. To provide an answer to these questions has been the aim of this research. After addressing this problem globally, from the appropriate definition of its most basic concepts till the impact in the architectural field of its historical evolution, this kind of transformations have been meticulously analysed in the specific case of La Sagra region in Toledo. In order to allow identifying the variables which are affecting the studied processes a methodology has had to be developed. Using this tool, it has been possible to reliably prove those aspects having the most impact on the transformation of the architecture of this region, beyond technical, economic or functional reasons, are those related to the aspirations, interests and training of all those who are involved in these mechanisms. This is, this a problem of cultural character and, as such, it must be mainly faced also using tools addressing cultural aims.

More information

Item ID: 57147
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/57147/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:57147
DOI: 10.20868/UPM.thesis.57147
Deposited by: Alejandro García Hermida
Deposited on: 02 Dec 2019 07:52
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2019 07:52
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