Thionins

García Olmedo, Francisco (1999). Thionins. In: "Seed Proteins". Kluwer Academic Pub. Group, Holanda, pp. 709-721.

Description

Title: Thionins
Author/s:
  • García Olmedo, Francisco
Item Type: Book Section
Title of Book: Seed Proteins
Date: 1999
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Biotecnologia [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The general designation of thionins has been proposed for a family of homologous peptides that includes purothionins, which were first isolated from wheat seeds (Balls el #/., 1942) and their homologues from various taxa that have been named viscotoxins and crambins (see Garcia-Olmedo el al., 1989). The crystalline protein material obtained from lipid extracts of wheat endosperm was designated "purothionins" because of its high sulphur content (Balls el al., 1942). This material was found to have bactericidal and fungicidal properties (Stuart and Harris, 1942), to inhibit fermentation of wheat mashes (Balls and Harris, 1944), and to be toxic to laboratory animals (Coulson el al„ 1942). The toxic properties of mistletoes were ascribed to the viscumin lectin and to a mixture of small basic proteins, designated - "viscotoxins" (Samuelsson, 1974). In a study of the seeds of the Abyssinian cabbage {Crambe abyssinica)^ a high-sulphur crystalline protein was obtained from the aqueous acetone extracts and designated "crambin" (Van Ettcn e/<?/., 1965).

More information

Item ID: 6014
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/6014/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:6014
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 15 Feb 2011 12:15
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 14:40
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