Relationship between nondestructive firmness measurements and commercially important ripening fruit stages for peaches, nectarines and plums

Valero Ubierna, Constantino and Crisosto, Carlos H. and Slaughter, David (2007). Relationship between nondestructive firmness measurements and commercially important ripening fruit stages for peaches, nectarines and plums. "Postharvest Biology and Technology", v. 44 (n. 3); pp. 248-253. ISSN 0925-5214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.12.014.

Description

Title: Relationship between nondestructive firmness measurements and commercially important ripening fruit stages for peaches, nectarines and plums
Author/s:
  • Valero Ubierna, Constantino
  • Crisosto, Carlos H.
  • Slaughter, David
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Postharvest Biology and Technology
Date: June 2007
ISSN: 0925-5214
Volume: 44
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Impact firmness sensor; Sinclair iQ™ firmness tester; Discriminant analysis; Critical bruising thresholds; “Ready to eat”; “Ready to buy”
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Ingeniería Rural [hasta 2014]
UPM's Research Group: LPF-TAGRALIA
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Fruit firmness measurement is a good way to monitor fruit softening and to predict bruising damage during harvest and postharvest handling. Ripening protocols traditionally utilize a destructive penetrometer-type fruit firmness measure to monitor ripening. Until recently, methods of assessing fruit texture properties nondestructively were not commercially available. The nondestructive Sinclair iQ™ firmness tester was investigated to monitor ripening and predict bruising susceptibility in stone fruit. This work was carried out on four peach, three plum, and five nectarine cultivars over two seasons. The correlations between destructive and nondestructive firmness measurements were significant (p-value = 0.0001), although too low for commercial applications as they varied from r2 = 0.60–0.71 according to fruit type. Using a different approach, the relationship between destructive and nondestructive firmness measures was characterized in terms of segregating these fruit according to their stages of ripening. This was done by using discriminant analysis (66–90% agreement in ripeness stage classification was observed in validation tests). Discriminant analysis consistently segregated nondestructive firmness measured fruit into commercially important classes (“ready to eat”, “ready to buy”, “mature and immature”). These represented key ripening stages with different bruising potentials and consumer acceptance. This work points out the importance to relate nondestructive measurements directly to important commercial physiological stages rather than to correlate them with the current standard penetrometer values. Thus, destructive and nondestructive firmness measurements can be directly used to identify the stage of ripeness and potential susceptibility to bruising during postharvest changes. Further work is recommended to evaluate the performance of this nondestructive sensor in segregating fruit according to their stage of ripeness under packinghouse or processing plant conditions.

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