Valero Ubierna, Constantino and Ruiz-Altisent, Margarita and Cubeddu, Rinaldo and Pifferi, Antonio and Taroni, Paola and Torricelli, Alessandro and Valentini, Gianluca and Johnson, David and Dover, Colin
Selection Models for the Internal Quality of Fruit, based on Time Domain Laser Reflectance Spectroscopy.
"Biosystems Engineering", v. 88
Time domain laser reflectance spectroscopy (TRS) was applied for the first time to evaluate internal fruit quality. This technique, known in medicine-related knowledge areas, has not been used before in agricultural or food research. It allows the simultaneous measurement of two optical characteristics of the sample: light scattering inside the tissues and light absorption. Models to estimate non-destructively firmness, soluble solids and acid contents in tomato, apple, peach and nectarine were developed using sequential statistical techniques: principal component analysis, multiple stepwise linear regression, clustering and discriminant analysis. Consistent correlations were established between the two parameters measured with TRS, i.e. absorption and transport scattering coefficients, with chemical constituents (soluble solids and acids) and firmness, respectively. Classification models were created to sort fruits into three quality grades (‘low’, ‘medium’ and ‘high’), according to their firmness, soluble solids and acidity.