Territorial cohesion impacts of high-speed rail under different zoning systems

Ortega Perez, Emilio; López Suárez, Elena y Monzon De Caceres, Andres (2014). Territorial cohesion impacts of high-speed rail under different zoning systems. "JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY", v. 34 ; pp. 16-24. ISSN 0966-6923. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.10.018.

Descripción

Título: Territorial cohesion impacts of high-speed rail under different zoning systems
Autor/es:
  • Ortega Perez, Emilio
  • López Suárez, Elena
  • Monzon De Caceres, Andres
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY
Fecha: 2014
Volumen: 34
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Montes (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Ingeniería y Gestión Forestal y Ambiental
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Large-scale transport infrastructure projects such as high-speed rail (HSR) produce significant effects on the spatial distribution of accessibility. These effects, commonly known as territorial cohesion effects, are receiving increasing attention in the research literature. However, there is little empirical research into the sensitivity of these cohesion results to methodological issues such as the definition of the limits of the study area or the zoning system. In a previous paper (Ortega et al., 2012), we investigated the influence of scale issues, comparing the cohesion results obtained at four different planning levels. This paper makes an additional contribution to our research with the investigation of the influence of zoning issues. We analyze the extent to which changes in the size of the units of analysis influence the measurement of spatial inequalities. The methodology is tested by application to the Galician (north-western) HSR corridor, with a length of nearly 670 km, included in the Spanish PEIT (Strategic Transport and Infrastructure Plan) 2005-2020. We calculated the accessibility indicators for the Galician HSR corridor and assessed their corresponding territorial distribution. We used five alternative zoning systems depending on the method of data representation used (vector or raster), and the level of detail (cartographic accuracy or cell size). Our results suggest that the choice between a vector-based and raster-based system has important implications. The vector system produces a higher mean accessibility value and a more polarized accessibility distribution than raster systems. The increased pixel size of raster-based systems tends to give rise to higher mean accessibility values and a more balanced accessibility distribution. Our findings strongly encourage spatial analysts to acknowledge that the results of their analyses may vary widely according to the definition of the units of analysis.

Más información

ID de Registro: 35620
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/35620/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:35620
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.10.018
URL Oficial: http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0966692313002160/1-s2.0-S0966692313002160-main.pdf?_tid=136e87b6-13f5-11e5-b406-00000aacb362&acdnat=1434438081_de806c287ebf17111524e0bf7f179b01
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 16 Jun 2015 07:18
Ultima Modificación: 16 Jun 2015 07:18
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