Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation

Tumini, Irina; Higueras García, Esther y Baereswyl Rada, Sergio (2015). Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation. "International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development" ; pp. 95-102. ISSN 2093-7628. https://doi.org/10.1080/2093761X.2016.1152204.

Descripción

Título: Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation
Autor/es:
  • Tumini, Irina
  • Higueras García, Esther
  • Baereswyl Rada, Sergio
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development
Fecha: 2015
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: urban ; neighbourhood eco- efficiency; thermal comfort; outdoor; microclimate
Escuela: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Departamento: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img]
Vista Previa
PDF (Document Portable Format) - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (2MB) | Vista Previa

Resumen

The urban microclimate plays an important role in building energy consumption and thermal comfort in outdoor spaces. Nowadays, cities need to increase energy efficiency, reduce pollutant emissions and mitigate the evident lack of sustainability. In light of this, attention has focused on the bioclimatic concepts use in the urban development. However, the speculative unsustainability of the growth model highlights the need to redirect the construction sector towards urban renovation using a bioclimatic approach. The public space plays a key role in improving the quality of today’s cities, especially in terms of providing places for citizens to meet and socialize in adequate thermal conditions. Thermal comfort affects perception of the environment, so microclimate conditions can be decisive for the success or failure of outdoor urban spaces and the activities held in them. For these reasons, the main focus of this work is on the definition of bioclimatic strategies for existing urban spaces, based on morpho-typological components, urban microclimate conditions and comfort requirements for all kinds of citizens. Two case studies were selected in Madrid, in a social housing neighbourhood constructed in the 1970s based on Rational Architecture style. Several renovation scenarios were performed using a computer simulation process based in ENVI-met and diverse microclimate conditions were compared. In addition, thermal comfort evaluation was carried out using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) in order to investigate the relationship between microclimate conditions and thermal comfort perception. This paper introduces the microclimate computer simulation process as a valuable support for decision-making for neighbourhood renovation projects in order to provide new and better solutions according to the thermal quality of public spaces and reducing energy consumption by creating and selecting better microclimate areas.

Más información

ID de Registro: 40466
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/40466/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:40466
Identificador DOI: 10.1080/2093761X.2016.1152204
URL Oficial: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tsub20
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 17 May 2016 07:36
Ultima Modificación: 24 May 2016 13:40
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM