Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation

Tumini, Irina and Higueras García, Ester and Baereswyl Rada, Sergio (2015). Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation. "International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development" ; pp. 95-102. ISSN 2093-7628. https://doi.org/10.1080/2093761X.2016.1152204.

Description

Title: Urban microclimate and thermal comfort modelling: strategies for urban renovation
Author/s:
  • Tumini, Irina
  • Higueras García, Ester
  • Baereswyl Rada, Sergio
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development
Date: 2015
ISSN: 2093-7628
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: urban ; neighbourhood eco- efficiency; thermal comfort; outdoor; microclimate
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The urban microclimate plays an important role in building energy consumption and thermal comfort in outdoor spaces. Nowadays, cities need to increase energy efficiency, reduce pollutant emissions and mitigate the evident lack of sustainability. In light of this, attention has focused on the bioclimatic concepts use in the urban development. However, the speculative unsustainability of the growth model highlights the need to redirect the construction sector towards urban renovation using a bioclimatic approach. The public space plays a key role in improving the quality of today’s cities, especially in terms of providing places for citizens to meet and socialize in adequate thermal conditions. Thermal comfort affects perception of the environment, so microclimate conditions can be decisive for the success or failure of outdoor urban spaces and the activities held in them. For these reasons, the main focus of this work is on the definition of bioclimatic strategies for existing urban spaces, based on morpho-typological components, urban microclimate conditions and comfort requirements for all kinds of citizens. Two case studies were selected in Madrid, in a social housing neighbourhood constructed in the 1970s based on Rational Architecture style. Several renovation scenarios were performed using a computer simulation process based in ENVI-met and diverse microclimate conditions were compared. In addition, thermal comfort evaluation was carried out using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) in order to investigate the relationship between microclimate conditions and thermal comfort perception. This paper introduces the microclimate computer simulation process as a valuable support for decision-making for neighbourhood renovation projects in order to provide new and better solutions according to the thermal quality of public spaces and reducing energy consumption by creating and selecting better microclimate areas.

More information

Item ID: 40466
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/40466/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:40466
DOI: 10.1080/2093761X.2016.1152204
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2093761X.2016.1152204?journalCode=tsub20
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 17 May 2016 07:36
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2019 13:32
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