Characterization and Analysis of the Mortars in the Church of the Company of Jesus—Quito (Ecuador)

Lara Calderón, Marco Lenin and Sanz Arauz, David and López de Andrés, Sol and Pino Martínez, Inés del (2021). Characterization and Analysis of the Mortars in the Church of the Company of Jesus—Quito (Ecuador). "Minerals", v. 11 (n. 7); p. 781. ISSN 2075-163X. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11070781.

Description

Title: Characterization and Analysis of the Mortars in the Church of the Company of Jesus—Quito (Ecuador)
Author/s:
  • Lara Calderón, Marco Lenin
  • Sanz Arauz, David
  • López de Andrés, Sol
  • Pino Martínez, Inés del
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Minerals
Date: 19 July 2021
ISSN: 2075-163X
Volume: 11
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Lime mortars; gypsum mortars; mineralogy of historical mortars; Quito Cultural Heritage; Church of the Company of Jesus in Quito
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition

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Abstract

The Church of the Company of Jesus in Quito (1605–1765) is one of the most remarkable examples of colonial religious architecture on the World Heritage List. This church has multiple constructive phases and several interventions with no clear record of the entire architectural site, including the historical mortars. A total of 14 samples of coating mortars inside the central nave were taken, with the protocols suggested by the research team and a comparative sample of the architectural group that does not have intervention. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on mineralogical characterization, semi-quantitative analysis by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with microanalysis of the samples. The results showed the presence of volcanic aggregate lime and gypsum, used in lining mortars and joint mortars. Mineralogical and textural composition data have allowed the mortar samples to be relatively dated.

More information

Item ID: 67824
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/67824/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:67824
DOI: 10.3390/min11070781
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-163X/11/7/781
Deposited by: M.Lenin Lara Calderón
Deposited on: 20 Jul 2021 08:27
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2021 08:27
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