Natural Fluorite from Órgiva Deposit (Spain). A Study of Its Pozzolanic and Mechanical Properties

Martín Sánchez, Domingo Alfonso and Costafreda Mustelier, Jorge Luis and Estévez Fernández, Esteban and Presa Madrigal, Leticia and Calvo Paz, Alicia and Castedo Ruiz, Ricardo and Sanjuán, Miguel Ángel and Parra y Alfaro, José Luis and Navarro, Rafael (2021). Natural Fluorite from Órgiva Deposit (Spain). A Study of Its Pozzolanic and Mechanical Properties. "Crystals", v. 11 (n. 11); p. 1367. ISSN 2073-4352. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst11111367.

Description

Title: Natural Fluorite from Órgiva Deposit (Spain). A Study of Its Pozzolanic and Mechanical Properties
Author/s:
  • Martín Sánchez, Domingo Alfonso
  • Costafreda Mustelier, Jorge Luis
  • Estévez Fernández, Esteban
  • Presa Madrigal, Leticia
  • Calvo Paz, Alicia
  • Castedo Ruiz, Ricardo
  • Sanjuán, Miguel Ángel
  • Parra y Alfaro, José Luis
  • Navarro, Rafael
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Crystals
Date: 10 November 2021
ISSN: 2073-4352
Volume: 11
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Fluorite; cement; pozzolan; mortar; mechanical strength; reduction of CO2 emissions
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
Creative Commons Licenses: None

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Abstract

This work presents the results of the partial substitution of Portland cement (PC) by natural fluorite (NF) and calcined fluorite (CF) in mortars, at 10%, 25% and 40%. To meet these objectives, a sample of fluorite was initially studied by XRD, SEM and Raman Spectroscopy (RS). A chemical quality analysis (CQA) and a chemical pozzolanicity test (CPT) at 8 and 15 days were carried out in a second stage to establish the pozzolanic properties of the investigated sample. Finally, a mechanical compressive strength test (MCST) at 7, 28 and 90 days was carried out on specimens made up with PC/NF and PC/CF mixes, at a ratio of 10%, 25% and 40%. XRD, SEM and RS results indicated fluorite as the major mineralogical phase. The CPT and CQA showed an increase in the pozzolanicity of the samples from 8 to 15 days. The MCST showed an increase in compressive strength from 7 to 90 days for both PC/NF and PC/CF specimens. The results obtained establish that fluorite produces positive effects in the mortar and contributes to the gain of mechanical strength over time, being a suitable material for the manufacture of cements with pozzolanic addition with a reduction of CO2 emissions, and by reducing the energy costs of production.

More information

Item ID: 69429
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/69429/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:69429
DOI: 10.3390/cryst11111367
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4352/11/11/1367
Deposited by: Dr. Jorge Luis Costafreda Mustelier
Deposited on: 13 Jan 2022 08:19
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2022 08:19
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